Whereas before it had an abundant rainfall, after disafforestation the rainfall became scanty, the land went out of cultivation and became an arid desert. On the other hand, afforestation, or the planting of forests, will turn a desert into well-watered and fertile district. Forests have a great influence upon climate; for they attract rain and preserve moisture an important matter in a dry country like India. The leaves of a tree are always giving off moisture; and this constant evaporation cools the surrounding atmosphere. Forest products, especially timber, form an important part of a nations wealth. The Indian forests supply all the timber that is required in the country, and much is exported, the sale of it bringing in a very respectable revenue to the State.
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